A number of Asian Historical Sites Attracted By Tourists!

There are many Historical sites in Asia which attract tourists from all over the world. Some of these sites are very well known, such as the Great Wall of China and the Taj Mahal, while others are not so well known but no less impressive. Here is a list of the top 30 Historical sites in Asia, in no particular order:

1. The Great Wall of China

2. The Taj Mahal

3. Angkor Wat

4. Borobudur

5. The Forbidden City

6. Mount Fuji

7. Himeji Castle

8. Meiji Shrine

9. Sakakawara Castle

10. Itsukushima Shrine

11. Kiyomizu-Dera Temple

12. Hiroshima Peace Memorial

13. The Palace of Versailles

14. Petra

15. Kyoto Imperial Palace

16. Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty

17. Samarkand

18. Shibam

19. Shimla

20. Silk Road

21. Sultan Ahmed Mosque

22. Gyeongbokgung Palace

23. Hanoi Citadel

24. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

25. The Bund

26. Bangkok Grand Palace and Temple of the Emerald Buddha

27. Humayun’s Tomb

28. Mohenjo Daro

29. The Great Sphinx of Giza

30. Abu Simbel Temples

1. The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is the longest man-made structure in the world, stretching almost 5 000 miles long, and was built over thousands of years by different dynasties. It was constructed to protect Ancient China from northern invaders. The wall runs across North China, West China, and East China, through the mountains to form natural barriers against invading armies. Despite its length, it has never successfully kept out invaders but remains an impressive monument to early Chinese architecture and technology.

2. The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh in India built for Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum), wife of Emperor Shah Jahan. began in 1632 AD under the direction of Shah Jahan and was completed in 1653 AD. It is made of white marble and is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.

3. Angkor Wat

It is a temple complex in Siem Reap, Cambodia which was built in the 12th century by King Suryavarman II. It is the largest religious monument in the world and is believed to be the world’s largest Hindu temple. The complex features many towers and spires, intricate carvings, and stone bas-reliefs.

4. Borobudur

It is a Buddhist temple located in Java, Indonesia, and was built in the 8th century. It is the world’s largest Buddhist monument and consists of nine stacked platforms topped by a central dome. The monument is decorated with over 504 Buddha statues and has extensive reliefs telling the history of Buddhism, from its beginnings to the establishment of Iddhi under King Ashoka in India.

5. The Forbidden City

It was the Chinese imperial palace from 1420-1911 AD. It was built by the Yongle Emperor, who moved the capital of China from Nanjing to Beijing during his reign. He ordered that it should be surrounded by a 52-mile wall that enclosed an area of 990 acres (402 hectares). The complex includes 980 surviving buildings with 8,707 bays of rooms and covers 720,000 square meters (177 acres) at its peak during the early Ming Dynasty.

 

6. Mount Fuji

It is Japan’s highest mountain and is located on Honshu island. It is a dormant volcano that last erupted in 1707 AD. The mountain is popular with climbers and hikers and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

7. Himeji Castle

It is a Japanese castle located in Himeji, Hyogo Prefecture which was built in 1346 AD by Akamatsu Norimura. It is considered to be the finest surviving example of Japanese castle architecture and is nicknamed “White Heron Castle” due to its elegant appearance. The castle features many defensive features such as moats, walls, and towers, and has been preserved in its original form since it was built.

8. Meiji Shrine

It is a Shinto shrine located in Tokyo, Japan which was built in 1920 AD to commemorate the Meiji Emperor and his wife Empress Shoken. The shrine is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Japan and attracts over 12 million visitors each year. It is made up of a large central building, surrounded by gardens and forests.

9. Sakakawara Castle

It is a Japanese castle located in Fukushima Prefecture which was built in 1592 AD by Takeda Shingen. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful castles in Japan and is known for its elegant architecture and extensive use of red pine wood. The castle features many defensive features such as moats, walls, and towers, and has been preserved in its original form since it was built.

10. Itsukushima Shrine

It is a Buddhist temple located on Miyajima Island near Hiroshima, Japan which was built in 593 AD. The shrine is considered to be one of the most beautiful and photographed shrines in Japan and is popular with tourists. The main building is connected to the mainland by a red bridge which appears to float when the tide is high.

11. Kiyomizu-Dera

It Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Kyoto, Japan which was built in 798 AD. The temple is famous for its large wooden balcony which offers beautiful views of the city of Kyoto. The temple complex also includes the main hall, pagoda, and gardens.

12. Hiroshima Peace Memoria

It is a memorial and museum located in Hiroshima, Japan which is dedicated to victims of the atomic bombing. The memorial consists of an arch with an empty stone chamber and garden and was completed in 2000 AD. It serves as a place where visitors can contemplate the memory of those who lost their lives due to the bombing.

13. The Palace of Versaille

It is a French ch√Ęteau that was built in 1623 AD. The Palace served as the seat of power for King Louis XIV during his reign from 1643-1715 AD. During that time, the palace was completed and decorated with over 1,300 paintings and sculptures depicting mythological figures. It is now considered a historical landmark and is one of Paris’ most popular attractions.

14. Petra

It is a historical and archaeological city located in Jordan that was built in the 2nd century BC. It is famous for its rock-cut architecture which is carved into pink sandstone mountains. The ancient site was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 AD and attracts over 600,000 visitors each year.

15. Kyoto Imperial Palace

It is a former imperial palace in Kyoto, Japan which served as the residence of the Emperor from 794-1868 AD. The palace complex consists of several structures including private living quarters, administration buildings, and gardens. In 1869, after the overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate during the Meiji Restoration, many of these older structures were destroyed or significantly altered.

16. Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasties

They are a series of tombs located in South Korea which contain the remains of members of the Joseon dynasty. The tombs are a popular tourist destination and include several different complexes which vary in size and design. The most famous of these is the Royal Tomb of King Sejong, who was the fourth king of the dynasty and was responsible for creating the Korean alphabet.

17. Samarkand

It is a historic city located in Uzbekistan which was once an important stop on the Silk Road. The city was founded in the 7th century BC and is known for its beautiful mosques and madrasas, as well as its many historical monuments.

18. Shibam

It is a city located in Yemen that is known for its tall mud buildings. The city was first settled around 1000 AD and remained isolated until the 16th century when it became incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. It still maintains much of its traditional architecture, including two-story clay houses with balconies on every level.

19. Shimla

Shimla is a city located in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh which served as the summer capital of British India from 1864-722 AD. After independence, Shimla has named the capital of Punjab but had to be abandoned due to its location being susceptible to earthquakes and landslides. Today, it is known for welcoming visitors with landscapes that exhibit diverse landscapes including snow-covered mountains, dense forests, meadows, and lakes. 20. Akshardham Temple is a temple complex located in Delhi which was built between 2005-2007 AD. It exhibits an ornate architectural style inspired by traditional Hindu architecture and has become one of India’s most popular attractions since its opening in 2007 AD.

20. Silk Road

Silk Road is a term that refers to a series of trade routes that were used between Europe and Asia from the 2nd century BC to the 15th century AD. The routes were used to transport goods such as silk, spices, and other luxury items and were an important factor in the development of cultural and economic exchange between these regions.

21. Sultan Ahmed Mosque

It is a mosque located in Istanbul, Turkey which was built between 1609-1616 AD. It is considered one of the finest examples of Ottoman architecture and is known for its grandiose scale and its many blue tiles.

22. Gyeongbokgung Palace

It is a palace located in Seoul, South Korea which was the main royal palace of the Joseon dynasty. The palace was first constructed in 1395 but was destroyed by fire in 1592. It was reconstructed in 1867 and is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in South Korea.

23. Hanoi Citadel

It is a citadel located in Hanoi, Vietnam which was built in the 11th century by the Ly dynasty. The citadel served as the royal palace and capital of Vietnam until 1802 when it was moved to Hue. Today, it is a popular tourist destination and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

24. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

It is a mausoleum located in Hanoi, Vietnam which contains the embalmed remains of Ho Chi Minh. The President was known to have requested that he be preserved “in the same condition as when he died” and is often referred to as “Uncle Ho”. Millions of Vietnamese make pilgrimages to his tomb annually.

25. The Bund

The Bund is a waterfront area located in Shanghai, China which was once the main part of the city’s international concessions. The combined influence of European architecture and Chinese elements gave it an eclectic feel that was popular amongst visitors until its decline after World War II. Today, many of the buildings have been restored to their original glory including The Peace Hotel built-in 1929.

26. Bangkok Grand Palace

Bangkok Grand Palace and Temple of the Emerald Buddha is a palace and temple complex located in Bangkok, Thailand. The palace was constructed in 1782 and is the current home of the King of Thailand. The Temple of the Emerald Buddha is one of the most sacred temples in Thailand and is famous for its carved emerald statue of Buddha.

27. Humayun’s Tomb

It is a tomb located in Delhi, India which was constructed between 1562-1573 AD. It was the first garden tomb to be built in the Indian subcontinent and became an important architectural prototype for future Mughal tombs. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993 and remains one of Delhi’s most popular tourist attractions.

28. Mohenjo Daro

It is an archeological site located in Larkana, Pakistan which was once a major city of the Indus Valley Civilization. The city is believed to have been constructed around 2600 BC and was one of the largest and most advanced cities of its time. It was eventually abandoned and is now one of the most famous archeological sites in the world.

29. The Great Sphinx of Giza

It is a limestone statue of a sphinx located on the Giza Plateau, near Cairo, Egypt. The sphinx is believed to have been built between 2558-2532 BC and is one of the oldest and largest statues in the world.

30. Abu Simbel Temples

It is a pair of temples located in Abu Simbel, Egypt which was constructed by the Pharaoh Ramesses II between 1264-1244 BC. Due to the extreme weather of their location, they were one of a number of monuments relocated from Nile valley villages to higher ground above the Aswan dam.

 

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