Snake- A Venomous Reptile OR Not?” Some Asian Snakes”!

Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears. Like all squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with many more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their mouths would otherwise allow. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca.

Cultural depictions of snakes in literature and art

There are numerous cultural depictions of snakes in literature and art, both as symbols such as the snake representing eternal youth (e.g., Asclepius), or snakes representing fertility (e.g., Minoan Crete). In some cultures snakes were viewed as spiritually significant; for example, in the Duguay myth of the Hmong people, the snake was a representation of their ancestor and creator god Qhuebzei. While not venomous or harmful to humans, snakes have long been feared and reviled by mankind, seemingly because of their ability to appear unexpectedly and cause harm quickly with little chance for escape.

Snake types found in Asia include:

Asian coral snake (Calliophis bivirgata)

The Asian coral snake is a rare member of the family Elapidae found throughout Southeast Asia, including Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia (Borneo), Laos, Malaysia (Sarawak), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Asian green tree racer (Dendrelaphis pictus)

The Asian green tree racer is a species of snake found in Southeast Asia, including Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia (Sarawak), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Asian paradise tree snake (Chrysopelea ornata)

The Asian paradise tree snake is a non-venomous species of colubrid snake endemic to Asia. It was first described by John Edward Gray in 1834. It is also known as the oriental flying snake or ইউনিৰোগী মুছ urching [inushting] in Bengali; นกเงือกเพชร nok ngêk phất in Thai; ইউনিৰোগী মুছ urching [inushting] in Assamese. The Asian tree snake is a species of colubrid snake endemic to South Asia and Southeast Asia. It was first described by John Edward Gray in 1834.

Cantil (Hypsiglena jani)

The Cantil or Jans’s Threadsnake is a species of small, rear-fanged colubrid snake found throughout the southwestern United States and central Mexico. There are five recognized subspecies, including the nominate race described here.

Indian smooth snake (Coronella brachyura)

The Indian smooth snake is a mildly venomous species of colubrid snake endemic to South Asia and Southeast Asia. It was first described by George Shaw in 1802.

Oriental coral snake (Calliophis intestinalis)

The Oriental coral snake is a small member of the family Elapidae found in southern China, Taiwan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. The Taiwanese populations are sometimes separated as C. formosana or placed in a separate genus “Hemibungarus”. Other scientists suggest that this entire genus should be moved to “Sinrurus”. In any case, all members of the genus are coral snakes, and as such should be regarded as highly dangerous.

Amphiesma stolatum,

The Asian garden lizard or golden tree snake is a colubrid species endemic to southern China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. It has keeled dorsal scales and is black and red (or yellow) banded. It can grow to 1 m in total length.

Asp Viper (Vipera aspis)

The Asp or Aspic viper is a venomous snake of the genus Vipera. It is native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia.

Bungarus candidus,

The krait (“Bungarus candidus”) is a highly venomous species of elapid found throughout South and Southeast Asia. This snake is called “krait” from its Hindi name क्राईट krait and “candle snake” from its habit of seeming to glow.

Cantor’s tree boa (Corallus caninus)

The Cantor’s Tree Boa is a species of nonvenomous boas found in the rainforests and coastal areas on the islands of Southeast Asia, especially Borneo. Common names include Cantor’s Green Tree Boa, Brown tree python, mangrove boa, or Hillmyre’s tree python.

Homalopsis buccata,

The Asian coral snake is a small elapid found in the Sundaic region of South-East Asia. It was first described by John Edward Gray in 1849. It is chiefly terrestrial but can also be found on low vegetation near water bodies.

Indian rat snake (Ptyas mucosus)

The Indian rat snake is a mildly venomous species of colubrid snake endemic to most of South Asia. It is called “rat snake” because it feeds mainly on rodents, or “house snake” because they frequently enter human dwellings in search of rodent prey. It may grow to more than 2 m long.

Monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia)

The Monocled Cobra is a species of venomous snake endemic to Southeast Asia. It has been reported from Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In Thai folklore, this snake is the mount of Nāga, mythical half-human sea serpents that are also the guardians of treasure.

Oriental rat snake (Ptyas mucosus)

The Oriental Rat Snake or Chinese Rat Snake is a large colubrid found in China, Taiwan, Korea, Nepal, India, and Vietnam. This highly adaptable snake has been introduced to several Pacific islands as well as Madagascar and Mauritius.

Papuan black snake (Pseudechis papuanus)

The Papuan Black Snake is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. The species, which is native to Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, was first described by Albert Günther in 1864.

Pseudechis porphyriacus,

Common names for Pseudechis porphyriacus include Purple-bellied black snake or Mulga snake; also known as “Gwadar” in indigenous languages.

Rhabdophis subminiature,

Rhabdophis subminiatus is a small colubrid snake endemic to Asia. It belongs to the genus Rhabdophis which contains several extremely toxic members of the elapid family that can kill a human with a single bite.

Russell’s viper (Vipera russellii)

The Russell’s Viper, also called the Daboia, is a venomous pitviper species found in South and Southeast Asia. It was first described by Patrick Russell in 1796. The specific name or epithet, russellii , given to this species by Thomas Bell in 1839, honors Patrick Russell.

Snake-eyed skink (Ablepharus kitaibelii)

The snake-eyed skink, Ablepharus kitaibelii, is a species of skink found in Asia. It was first described by Bosc in 1801 as Lacerta kitaibeliana. Five subspecies are recognized, including the nominotypical subspecies.

Spectacled cobra (Naja naja)

The Spectacled Cobra is a venomous snake species native to South and Southeast Asia. The spectacled cobras can grow up to 5 feet long and it has large eyes with round pupils and bands that vary from yellowish-brown to dark brown.

Trimeresurus albolabris,

The White-lipped Pit Viper is a venomous pitviper species endemic to Southeast Asia. It is diurnal and mainly active in the early morning hours and late afternoon. This snake has many different local names: Shôkpaak ôngkôro in Thailand; Chut Wutty Tao (ชุด วัดโต้) in Laos; Bòhǎi làngfán (Chinese: 白喉蜥 ; pinyin : Báihuòxiè ) or Xiānjié xiāotóu (Chinese: 先结霄头 ; pinyin : Xiānjiéxiāotóu ) in China.

Uropeltis arcticeps,

Common names for Uropeltis arcticeps include Yellow-bellied Shieldtail Snake; Malabar Shieldtail; Ashy Pit Viper; etc.

Vipera renardi,

The Caucasian viper (Vipera renardi) is a venomous snake of the family Viperidae. It’s endemic to the Caucasus Mountains, northern Turkey, and northwestern Iran.

White-lipped pit viper (Trimeresurus albolabris)

The White-lipped Pit Viper is found in Asia: Afghanistan; Bhutan; India; Bangladesh; Nepal; Pakistan (Sindh); Indian Nicobar Islands (Car Nicobar); Andaman Islands (Nancowry Group). Its presence in Sri Lanka is uncertain. The type locality given is “India.” Habitat This species prefers lower mountain slopes to submontane forests at elevations between sea level and 1,900 m. It is known from tropical deciduous forest to subtropical moist forest. Nidicolous it inhabits caves, crevices in rocks, hollows below trees, or stumps where it may aestivate during the hot season.

 

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